What is a Medici urn? Here we uncover their history, characteristics, and 13 chic ways to display them around the house and garden (including some tips on what to plant in them). Provided also are some examples of antique, vintage, and bespoke Medici urns available for purchase online at Chez Pluie.
1. Historical Background
Medici urn is usually the name applied to a style of beautiful garden pots whose design loosely resembles vases from classical antiquity.
Two in particular, the Medici Vase and the Borghese Vase, have left their mark on visual culture. They resemble each other. They are both gigantic bell-shaped marble kraters and once served as garden ornaments in classical Roman villas. The vases were rediscovered in the 16th century.
The slightly smaller Medici Vase was found completely smashed and underwent painstaking restoration. It had been sculpted in Athens during the first century AD and now resides in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence.
Ever since their rediscovery in the 1500s, countless copies have been made of both kinds of vases, some exact replicas, while others were looser reproductions.
The Medici Vase photographed above is an example of one of the many fine replicas of the original Medici krater. This one can be found in Kew Gardens, London.
Remarkably the original Medici Vase was blue, red and gold, according to the Uffizi, but the patina of time has worn those colors away. The scene carved in beautiful bas-relief around the vase has not been pinned down, but the theme of the subject matter definitely is mythological, related possibly to the Trojan War and Homer's Iliad.
Found in 1569 in the Horti Sallustiani, Rome, the slightly older Borghese Vase also was made in Athens, in around 40–30 BC. It now graces the Daru Gallery in the Louvre Museum, Paris.
The Borghese Vase photographed above is an example of one of the many fine replicas of the original Borghese krater. A number of these stand proudly in the gardens of Versailles.
Wine is the theme of the graceful freize carved in bas-relief around the Borghese Vase. Bacchus or Dionysus, the Roman and Greek god of wine respectively, is participating in a Bacchanalian procession. Ariadne and the god Apollo have been identified among the drunken followers on the freize.
Influence of classical vases on the visual and decorative arts
Angelica Kauffman Portrait en pied de William Henry Lambton (1764-1797) dans un costume de style van Dyck, 1797, Oil on canvas
Classical vases such as these have inspired artists and the decorative arts industry. After their rediscovery in the 16th century, many artists drew the Borghese and Medici vases and painted portraits of people standing next to them. Wedgewood made heart-stopping replicas of both. The design of many garden urns can trace their aesthetic roots back to these two old pots.
Hubert Robert, Caprice architectural avec le Gladiateur Borghèse, le vase Borghèse et le Colisée, Watercolor on paper, 1781, Louvre Museum
Not only have the Medici and Borghese Vases been influential on garden pots, but on the interior design industry as well. Note the inventive lamp stand in the photo above of an exquisite guestroom at the Château du Grand-Lucé. You may have noticed that many champagne buckets echo the shape of these classical vases as well.
2. Characteristics of a Medici urn
It's less straightforward to pin down exactly what makes a particular urn a Medici urn - the term is fairly loosely applied - but pots bearing this name usually have one or more of the following three distinctive features:
1) an everted lip
2) gadrooning (the ornamental notching or carving of a rounded molding)
3) sometimes an acanthus-leaf design encircles the base of the bell
4) the bell stands on a spreading fluted stem, which is elevated on a low square or octagonal base (sometimes with gadrooning)
Medici urns are formed mostly from cast iron and come in a variety of colors, particularly black, white, and green. Often they are sculpted from stone and terra-cotta (glazed or un-lacquered). Some are made with handles, like the prominent ones retained on the original Medici Vase, while some aren't.
Examples of all of these are to be found at Chez Pluie's online boutique in the collection of Antique French garden urns.
3. 13 Tips for displaying Medici urns
Leave them be. Unadorned, the sculptural beauty and graceful proportions of Medici urns are fully revealed. In the dining room above, Lewis Miller, who is a floral designer, has chosen this time not to fill the cheerful white Medici vase on the bench in the background with flowers. Rather, he transforms the light fixture above the tablescape into a floral installation of yellow wattle and white lilies and keeps the focus on the festive table setting.
2. Floral arrangements in urns
However, Medici urns naturally can support the drama and romance of a spectacular bloom of fresh cut flowers, like this almost tumbling display of peonies.
3. Pairs of urns indoors
Take some inspiration from interior designer Ken Fulk and double the impact by using pairs of Medici urns around your home.
These pleasing crisp white urns bring a refreshing and meditative feeling to the interior.
4. Plant a tree in an urn
Designer Corey Damen Jenkins skillfully balances elements of color, material, texture and size in this dining room. The Medici urn enlivens the corner without stealing the show, even though it rivals the original Greek krater in its enormity.
5. Indoor plants: moss and succulents
For minimalist beauty, grow a mound of moss in a Medici urn. It will provide nice company and comfort indoors, and do well in an airy, cooler window lit space.
A mix of succulents look fabulous in smaller Medici urns as well.
6. Urns outdoors
Add rhythm and interest to your outdoor table setting with different styles and sizes of urns. Antique urns usually are made from cast iron or reconstituted stone, so they are stable and can support trees and a tremendous amount of flowers and foliage.
Even if an urn is outside, it needn't always be planted. Stone urns can bring elegance and calm left bare.
7. Rosemary planted in an urn
For a quintessential French look, plant rosemary in an urn. Gardening tip: hide the woody undergrowth with assylum.
8. Use urns in seasonal displays
Planted urns also look fabulous on the porch and can participate in a fall decorative display.
A stunning winter beauty. Add a touch of glimmer over the festive weeks with Christmas baubles, but instead of taking it all down, preserve the glorious foliage and continue nuturing and adoring it well into the new year.
9. Elevate an urn on a stand
If your urn has to compete to be seen among tall plants and shrubs or you just want to feature it prominently, try mounting it on a pedestal.
For a low-maintenance display, waxy succulents mixed with annuals look stunning in French urns. As they are so easy to propagate, it doesn't take long to have an urn overflowing with plants.
10. An urn in a garden bed
A Medici urn placed among flowerbeds brings a touch of formality and enables you to play with different heights.
11. Flank a doorway with a pair of urns
There's nothing more chic than a pair of urns either side of a doorway.
12. Display a collection of urns
Grouping pots together can be visually effective and have a layering effect against a courtyard wall. A display such as this host of Medici urns filled with greenery and daisies could also turn a problematic or awkwardly situated garden corner into a delightful nook.
13. Create a bold focal point in the garden
A large antique urn can hold its own in any space and is a lovely way to emphasize an axis and create a focal point.
4. Examples of antique, vintage and new Medici urns for purchase at Chez Pluie
Photographed above is a large 19th-century, cast-iron Medici urn with striking slightly raised handles on a square base in a green patina. It is in excellent condition and available from Chez Pluie at the moment.
Pictured above is a Medici urn which has lowered loop handles with lions' head motifs and a shortened bell. It is from the 19th century and made of cast iron. It is possible to purchase this online with Chez Pluie.
Above is a pair 20th-century cast-iron white-beige Medici urns with no handles, a shortened bell, and a round base. They are currently in stock at Chez Pluie.
Photographed above is a bespoke contemporary terra-cotta Medici urn, handcrafted in Anduze, France. This and many more variations can be made to order online at Chez Pluie.
There are two lovely 'Chambord' Medici urns from the late-nineteenth to early-twentieth century available at Chez Pluie at the moment. They have fantastic large and raised handles and are made of heavy cast iron.They urns rest on round bases and their beautiful timeworn patina is a matte white.
Pictured above is an example of a 19th-century cast-iron medici urn with handles and an elongated bell currently available for purchase online at Chez Pluie. Its large size would make it a focal point indoors and would look amazing holding flowers. Outdoors it could serve as a pot for topiary or citrus.
Antique and vintage pedestals
Usually in stock at Chez Pluie is a variety of pedestals on which to mount your Medici urn.
Explore Chez Pluie's current complete collection of Antique French garden urns.
Can't find what you want? Do you have something particular in mind, but it isn't listed on Chez Pluie yet? Engage the Finders Service, Susannah and Hugh Cameron will be pleased to assist you in acquiring your dream item!
Image credit: Chez Pluie, French Country Living, Wikipedia, Wikimedia, Mutual Art, Louvre Museum, Château du Grand-Lucé, Veranda, Pinterest (unknown), Courtney Price, Photography Angie B, El' Lefébien, Deborah Silver, Home to Z, Hortus 2, Gardens of Petersonville, Luxe Interior+Design, Architectural Digest, Homes & Gardens UK, OMG Lifestyle, Grow Beautifully Monrovia
Frequently asked questions
1. What makes a pot a Medici urn?
The term is usually applied to pots with a classical style and have one or more of the following three distinctive features:
1) a gadrooned everted lip
2) an acanthus-leaf carving encircling the base of the bell
3) the bell stands on a spreading fluted stem, which is elevated on a low square or octagonal base (sometimes with gadrooning)
Medici urns are formed mostly from cast iron and come in a variety of colors, particularly black, white, and green. Often they are sculpted from stone and terracotta (glazed or un-lacquered). Some are made with handles, like the prominent ones retained on the original Medici Vase, while some aren't.
2. Where can I buy a Medici urn?
It is possible to buy antique, vintage, and contemporary Medici urns from the online vintage and antique store, Chez Pluie.
Related Posts:An introduction to classic French garden pots, planters, urns, and olive jars
FABULOUS! Thank you for doing this.
I’ve always loved these urns. I have one white marble colored. Wondering what to do with it in the garden here in Hawaii.
I find so very interesting all of your posts and enjoy returning to them again and again for inspiration. Thank you for sharing your ideas and expertise through Chez Pluie.
stunning photos and inspiration